Celiac DiseaseIn physiology class we recently discussed the gastrointestinal physiology as well as some pathology associated with it. One of the diseases that was discussed is Celiac Sprue which is also known as gluten-sensitive enteropathy. This is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine. It is a genetically predisposed condition. The protein gluten, causes the disease. Gluten is found in grains such as rye, wheat, barely, and oats. If the body is exposed to gluten, it reacts by causing chronic inflammation as well as lesions of the intestinal mucosa. This disorder can cause shortening or total loss of the intestinal villi, which leads to malabsorption. As the intestine becomes more damaged, lactose intolerance can develop. The symptoms would include diarrhea, weight loss, failure to gain weight, and anemia. The standard treatment is the elimination of gluten in the diet.